The Monolith Of Tlaloc: Unraveling The Mystery Of 8th Century Marvel Dedicated To Aztec God Of Rain & Thunder

The Monolith Of Tlaloc: The Enigmatic 8th Century Artifact Of Aztec God Of Rain

Standing tall and shrouded in secrecy, the Giant Monolith of Tlaloc has captivated explorers and scholars for centuries. This colossal ancient monument, holds the key to unlocking the mysteries of a forgotten civilization. Carved with intricate symbols and steeped in enigma, the monolith beckons us to unravel its secrets and discover the truth behind its existence. Join us as we embark on a journey to decipher the ancient language etched in stone and shed light on the lost world that birthed this monumental enigma.

The monolith of Tlaloc in Coatlinchan, Mexico.
The monolith of Tlaloc in Coatlinchan, Mexico.

Tlaloc, the Aztec deity of rain, water, lightning, and agriculture, is commemorated with a massive stone monolith known as the Monolith of Tlaloc. The most massive monolith in North America, this beautiful structure was once near the town of Coatlinchan, which means “home of the snakes.” The impressive monolith of Tlaloc now stands at the entrance of Mexico City’s National Museum of Anthropology.

Who Was Tlaloc?

Regarded as the most respected and divine deity in the Aztec pantheon, Tlaloc’s name is a blend of two Nahuatl words, thali and oc, which mean “earth” and “something on the surface,” respectively. Tlaloc, the Aztec god most closely linked with water and weather, had two distinct personalities.


Tlaloc was revered as a beneficent deity because of his role in bringing rain to Earth. However, he could also cause storms, droughts, and other natural calamities to disturb people’s lives by unleashing his destructive might. Because of his dual nature, the ancient Aztecs revered Tlaloc as a powerful and pivotal deity.

The Monolith Of Tlaloc In Morelos

In 2011, a magnificent monolith depicting Tlaloc was found in Mexico’s south-central state of Morelos, weighing up to 60 tons and dating back to the eighth century AD. The monolith is engraved on all sides with depictions of agriculture and the god Tlaloc. Archaeologists assume that this stone served as the focal point of a ceremony to petition the god for rain.

The monolith of Tlaloc in Morelos
The monolith of Tlaloc in Morelos

The Monolith Of Tlaloc

Arguably one of the most impressive depictions of Tlaloc is the Monolith of Tlaloc. This stone engraving, like the monolith discovered in Morelos in 2011, dates back to the eighth century AD. However, another account places the monolith’s construction in the fifth century AD. The estimated weight of the monolith of Tlaloc is around 152 tons. This monolith has been calculated to be the heaviest and tallest in the Americas at a height of 7 meters (22.97 feet). It has also been noted that the builders of the monolith never managed to finish it.

The monolith of Tlaloc in Coatlinchan, Mexico, in the mid 20th century.
The monolith of Tlaloc in Coatlinchan, Mexico, in the mid 20th century.

During the mid-19th century, when the water of a river dried up near the town of Coatlinchan, the monolith of Tlaloc was first rediscovered by modern civilization. It remained there for many years, but later in the 20th century, it was decided to place it at the entrance of the newly built National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico. This would increase the beauty and charisma of that place. 

Moving the enormous monolith of Tlaloc was no simple task. Coatlinchan’s residents ultimately consented to the relocation proposal on the condition that government-funded infrastructure, including a road, school, and hospital, be constructed in their community. The extraordinary voyage of the monolith to Mexico City began on April 16, 1964, thanks to this arrangement.

Covering a distance of 48 km, the monolith of Tlaloc was transported on a huge trailer purposely built for the monolith. When the monolith reached the Zocalo square, the scene there was magical. An unusual storm in the dry season and a crowd of 25,000 spectators welcomed the monolith.

The transportation of the Monolith of Tlaloc was complicated.
The transportation of the Monolith of Tlaloc was complicated.

The Monolith of Tlaloc has been exposed to the elements ever since it was placed at the entrance of the National Museum of Anthropology. Experts have been inspecting the monolith since 2014 to determine its current state in anticipation of repair.

Mysteries Surrounding The Monolith Of Tlaloc

One of the mysteries related to the Monolith of Tlaloc is about the source of the 167-ton andesite stone from which the monolith has been carved. No one has ever found the mine where the stone came from. Another mystery related to the monolith is how such an enormous structure was transported by the Aztecs.

According to official history, the Aztecs were an indigenous tribe, and any information about them relating to the use of any technology related to wheeled vehicles has not been found. Unusually, the Monolith of Tlaloc was discovered on its back, while it was clearly meant to stand erect. In addition, there is considerable damage to the monolith’s front face. It’s still unknown if human hands or natural forces were responsible for this destruction.

Speculations On The Monolith’s Purpose

Some experts believe that the Monolith of Tlaloc could have been a pillar for an old bridge that crossed the river. This is because the monolith is in a riverbed and has strange features, such as a big back and a “ritual” hole at the top. But this idea would suggest that there are more figures like these in the Texcoco area that haven’t been found or dug up yet.

The standing Monolith of Tlaloc adorns the entrance of the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.
The standing Monolith of Tlaloc adorns the entrance of the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.

The Altar At The Great Temple Of Tenochtitlan

The ruins of the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan in Mexico City is the site of the 2006 discovery of yet another extraordinary relic associated with Tlaloc. Tlaloc and another god are shown on a frieze that surrounds the altar. Located on the temple’s western flank, this stone and earth altar dates back about 500 years.

Along with the Aztec battle god Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc was honored at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlan (or ‘Templo Mayor’). Tlaloc’s watery element was represented by blue and white paint on the stairs going up to his shrine. Coral and seashells were among the offerings discovered in the temple, further highlighting the connection between Tlaloc and water. Numerous artifacts and monuments bear witness to the widespread veneration of Tlaloc throughout the Aztec Empire.

In conclusion, the enigmatic presence of the giant ancient monolith of Tlaloc continues to captivate and mystify both researchers and the public alike. Its immense size and intricate carvings provide glimpses into a civilization long past, shrouded in the mists of time.

As we have explored the various theories surrounding its origins and purpose, we are left with more questions than answers. Was it a religious artifact, revered by the ancient inhabitants of this land? Or does it hold some deeper cosmic significance, pointing towards extraterrestrial intervention? The truth may forever elude us.

Yet, the discovery and ongoing study of the monolith remind us of the vast complexities and wonders of our planet’s history. They ignite a spark of curiosity and remind us of the boundless potential for exploration and discovery that lies within the realms of archaeology and anthropology.

As time marches on, perhaps new technologies and research methodologies will shed further light on the mystery of the monolith. But for now, it stands as a silent sentinel, a testament to the ingenuity and creativity of those who came before us.

The giant ancient monolith of Tlaloc will continue to beckon adventurers and scholars, drawing them into the depths of its enigmatic allure. It serves as a reminder that even in our modern world, there are still ancient riddles waiting to be unraveled, offering glimpses into our shared human heritage and the wonders that lie beneath the surface of our everyday lives.

Ultimately, it is up to us to preserve and protect these ancient relics, honoring the past and ensuring that future generations will have the opportunity to delve into the mysteries that await them. As we uncover the secrets of the past, we gain a deeper understanding of ourselves and our place in the grand tapestry of human history.

The giant ancient monolith of Tlaloc will forever stand as a testament to the power of human curiosity and the enduring allure of the unknown. It is a symbol of our unyielding quest for knowledge and a reminder that the mysteries of our world, both ancient and modern, continue to beckon us forward into the depths of exploration.

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