Archaeologists found a 100 km long mysterious wall in Iran(Wall of Gawri), but they don’t know who built it

A team of archaeologists has discovered the remains of a mysterious wall in Iran with a length similar to that of the famous Hadrian’s Wall that the Romans built in England.

The wall, which extends approximately 115 kilometers, was found in Sar Pol-e Zahab County, in western Iran.

Sajjad Alibaigi, a Ph.D. student in the archeology department of the University of Tehran, said in a statement:

With an estimated volume of approximately one million cubic meters of stone, it would have required significant resources in terms of labor, materials and time. ”

The structure extends from north to south from the Bamu mountains in the north to an area near the town of Zhaw Marg in the south, Alibaigi wrote.

This satellite image was taken on July 31, 2019 by the WorldView-2 satellite.  The red arrows show a surviving section of the Gawri Wall mysterious 100 km long wall in Iran
This satellite image was taken on July 31, 2019 by the WorldView-2 satellite. The red arrows show a surviving section of the Gawri Wall. Credit: 2019 Maxar Technologies

The pottery found along the wall suggests that it was built sometime between the fourth century BC and the sixth century AD,

Alibaigi writes in his study:

The remains of structures, now destroyed, are visible in places along the wall. These may have been turrets [small towers] or associated buildings. The wall is made of natural local materials, such as cobblestones and rocks, with plaster mortar that survives in some places. Although archaeologists are unaware of the existence of the wall, those who live near it have known it for a long time and call it the ‘Wall of Gawri’. ”

An Antiquity spokesman said that since Alibaigi’s article was published, the magazine learned that another group of archaeologists conducted previous investigations on the wall; That research was never published in a magazine.

Mysterious wall

Archaeologists are not sure who built the structure and for what purpose. Due to the poor preservation of the barrier, scientists are not even sure of its exact width and height. His best estimates are 4 meters wide and about 3 meters high.

Part of the bare wall mysterious 100 km long wall in Iran
Part of the wall discovered. Credit: Antiquity Publications Ltd, 2019

Alibaigi said that “it is not clear if it was defensive or symbolic.” He also added that it could mark the border of an ancient empire, perhaps the Birth (which flourished between 247 BC and 224 AD) or the Sasanida (224-651 AD). Both empires in western Iran built large castles, cities and irrigation systems, so they are likely to have the resources to build the Gawri Wall, Alibaigi wrote.

The recently discovered Gawri Wall is not the only long ancient wall in Iran. Archaeologists have previously found similar structures in the northern and northeastern parts of Iran. Those may have had a defensive purpose.

Alibaigi hopes to carry out more research on the Gawri Wall in the future, he wrote. I did not respond to requests for comments.

The findings have been published in the journal Antiquity.

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