We have touched a turning point in society. According to the famous theoretical physicist Michio Kaku, the next 100 years of science will decide whether humanity will perish or flourish. Will we continue to be a Type 0 civilization or will we progress and make our way to the stars?. In this article, we try to explain to you the Kardashev Scale as simply as possible.
Theorists emphasize that, as a civilization grows and becomes more advanced, its energy demands will increase rapidly due to the growth of its population and the energy needs of its various machines. With this in mind, the Kardashev scale was made as a way to measure the technological progress of a civilization based on the amount of functional energy available to it.
What Is The Kardashev Scale?
The scale was initially made in 1964 by the Russian astrophysicist, Nikolai Kardashev (who was looking for signs of extraterrestrial life within the cosmic signals). It has 3 base classes, each with a level of energy use: Type 1 (10¹⁶W), Type 2 (10²⁶W) and Type 3 (10³⁶W). . Other astrophysicists have extended the scale to Type 4 (10⁴⁶W) and Type 5 (the accessible energy for this type of civilization would be equal to that of all accessible energy not only in our cosmos but in all the universes and in all the timelines ). These additions reflect both access to energy and the knowledge civilizations have access to.
Initially, it is significant to note that the human race is not even on this scale yet. Since we still depend on fossil fuels, here on Earth, we are a poor type 0 civilization (and we have a LONG way to go before being promoted to a Type 1 civilization). Kaku is inclined to believe that, considering all things, we will reach Type 1 in 100 – 200 years. But what does each of these classes really mean in literal terms?
Type 1 Civilization
A Type 1 title is given to species that have been able to harness all the energy that can be obtained from a nearby star, collect it and store it to meet the energy demands of a growing population. This means that we would have to increase our current energy production more than 100,000 times to reach this state. However, being able to take advantage of all the energy on Earth would also mean that we could have control of all-natural forces.
Humans could control volcanoes, weather, and even earthquakes! (At least, that is the impression.) These types of achievements are hard to believe but compared to the advances that can still be made, these are only basic and basic levels of control (it is nothing compared to the capacities of the societies ). with higher classifications).
Type 2 Civilizations
The next step, a Type 2 civilization, can take advantage of the power of its entire star (not only by converting starlight into energy but also by controlling the star). Numerous methods for this have been suggested. The most popular is the hypothetical ‘Dyson Sphere’. This device, if you want to call it, would include every centimeter of the star, collecting most (if not all) of its energy production and transporting it to a planet for later use.
On the other hand, if the fusion power (the mechanism that feeds the stars) had been dominated by the race, a reactor could be used on a really huge scale to fulfill its requirements. Nearby gas giants can be used for their hydrogen, which is gradually drained of life by a reactor in orbit.
What would this amount of energy mean for a species? Well, nothing known by science could kill a Type 2 civilization. Take, for example, if humans lived long enough to reach this state, and an object the size of the moon reaches our solar system in an intensive course with our little blue planet, we would have the ability to evaporate it from existence.
Or if we had time, we could move our planet out of the way, dodging it completely. But let’s say we did not want to move the Earth … is there any other option? Well, yes, since we would have the ability to move Jupiter, or another planet of our choice, on the way – very good, right?
So we went from having control of a planet to a star, which has led us to house enough “disposable” energy to make our civilization immune to extinction.
Type 3 Civilization
in Type 3, where a species becomes galactic traversers with knowledge of everything that has to do with energy, which makes them a master race.
In human terms, hundreds of thousands of years of evolution, both biological and mechanical, can make the populations of this type III civilization extremely different from the human race as we know it. These can be cyborgs (or cybernetic organisms, both biological and robotic beings), and the descendants of regular humans are subspecies among the now highly advanced society. These fully biological humans could be observed as disabled, poorer, or non-evolved by their cybernetic colleagues.
At this stage, we would have developed robot colonies that are experts in “auto replication”; its population can rise to millions as they expand throughout the galaxy, inhabiting star after star. And these beings could build Dyson Spheres to encapsulate each one, creating a large network that would carry the energy back to the planet of origin.
But to spread over the galaxy in this way would face many difficulties; that is, the species would be restricted by the laws of physics. Mainly, travel at the speed of light. That is, unless they develop a working warp unit, or use that impeccable energy cache to master the teleportation of wormholes (two things that remain theoretical at the moment), they can only go so far.
Type 4 Civilization
A Type 4 civilization harnesses the power of its own supercluster of galaxies and is effectively immortal and omnipotent. A civilization this advanced could tap into the mysterious dark matter and manipulate the basic fabric of space-time. Their capabilities may include Instantaneous matter-energy transformation, teleportation, and time travel.
Type 5 Civilization
A Type 5 civilization would be advanced enough to extract energy from the whole of its universe. Such a civilization would have mastered the technology to a point where they could build a custom universe. Once a Type V civilization has achieved this height, they would have to have mastered the physics of the different universes and thus almost complete control over all basic parts of nature. Devices such as the monolith would be examples of their technology.